Modern office buildings are constructed using an intelligent design that incorporates hydraulics as part of its plumbing system. Large structures such as offices require more sophisticated plumbing design and system than an ordinary residential house. This is necessitated by greater numbers of building occupants as well as aesthetic requirements to have an excellent facade to impress clients and visitors.
Offices need to have their staff rooms located near a corporate kitchen. This is essential for those late-night emergency meetings. A corporate boardroom is to be situated near the executive comfort rooms to provide convenience. A tearoom with either chilled or boiling water piping should be accessible.
The plumbing system of a large office building with many people working in it requires the services of a full-fledged hydraulics engineer. This way, all water requirements of occupants will be adequately served without compromising aesthetic considerations. Fluid mechanics helps to determine optimal pipe sizes, diameters and placements through use of liquid flow measurements. It can also help to integrate the recycling of grey water and heat from hot water to reduce overall fuel costs. .
A good plumbing system should deliver hot water to the occupants of a building on a 24/7 basis. In addition, it must be able to carry out waterborne wastes through a separate piping system. The Plumbing system has evolved dramatically since it was first invented back in 2700 B.C. New building construction incorporates a plumbing system in its designs whether it is for a low-storey townhouse or a high-rise office building. Pipes made from lead are no longer used due to their proven toxicity.
Plumbing has several subsystems such as hot water supply for bathing, cold water supply for drinking, traps and drains, septic tank system and “grey water” treatment system. Included here is the heating gas piping system in most homes since it involves a system of pipes although it no longer concerns water but still plumbing-related nonetheless.
The plumbing systems for either an office or a home are almost similar. The only difference is perhaps the use of several high-pressure pumps that force the water coming from water mains to the topmost level of a high-rise edifice in the case of offices. Residential houses normally do require the following basic piping-related structures: toilets, bathrooms, kitchen sinks and water heaters (if necessary). Multi-level offices need to have additional fire-stopping systems installed as required by building safety codes. Unfortunately in the U.K., the plumbing industry is still not properly regulated by the government. This resulted in a situation where there are unlicensed or even unqualified plumbers doing services despite some health and safety concerns.
This site gives an overview of the plumbing industry as it relates to our modern lives. Everyday activities require us to take a bath, wash hands or brush our teeth. All these personal necessities need clean water and so a good plumbing system should be part of any building structure. An addition to conventional (drinking water, grey water and waterborne waste drainage) plumbing is heating gas piping. The same principles are used in gas piping as in water plumbing except that extra care is taken since gas can leak out more easily and also very flammable.